Case Study Sustainable Infrastructure:
Bursa Light Rail System
The light rail system of Bursa Metropolitan Municipality was initiated in 1990s by Bursa Metropolitan Municipality with the
financial contribution of KfW. KfW extended a combined financing in amount of EUR 126.5 million (development loan/promotional loan)
to Turkish Treasury to be onlent to the Municipality. As a complement, training measures were supported in the start-up
phase and the first two operating years at a total cost of EUR 1.69 million financed from grant funds. All these efforts
given for this initial part of the system (“Section I A”) resulted in a perfectly operating light rail system for the
citizens of city of Bursa.
The KfW financed project which encompass the construction of 17,4 km of light rail track (LRT), 17 stations, the purchase
of 48 light rail vehicles from Siemens, construction of a vehicle storage facilities, a workshop for maintenance with
office building and operation management facilities started operation in 2002. In addition, training and a tram driving
simulator were provided to enable the new staff to operate and maintain the system. Accompanying measures consisted of
restructuring of urban bus system as feeder buses and taking 600 private taxis out of operation in the service area of
the LRT system. The implementation of this 1st phase light rail system was the first step of the municipality to establish
an efficient public transport system with the light rail as a backbone.
The private companies involved in this BLRS (“BursaRay Light Rail System”) Section I A were Siemens AG, Siemens A.Ş.,
Simko A.Ş., Güriş A.Ş. Tüvasaş (as the “contractor and supplier”) and Yapi-ICF Kaiser A.Ş. (as the “implementation consultant”).
Upon the efficient results achieved in this section, BLRS Section I B (5.5 km+6 stations) financed by EUR 55 million
European Investment Bank (EIB) loan under the guarantee of Turkish Treasury was constructed. The private companies
involved in this BLRS Section I B were Siemens AG, Siemens A.Ş., Tekfen A.Ş. (as the “contractor and supplier”) and
Yapi-ICF Kaiser A.Ş. (as the “implementation consultant”).
This followed by BLRS Section II which comprises of extension lines of 8.9 km to the existing light rail system, 8
stations and purchase of 30 LRT vehicles from Bombardier. BLRS Section II was financed by sovereign-guaranteed loan
from EIB (EUR 100 million) and a sub-sovereign loan from EBRD (a total of EUR 70 million) accompanied with a technical
assistance. The private companies involved in this BLRS Section II which was prepared by Optim Obermeyer Proje A.Ş were
Yapi Merkezi A.Ş., Tewet GmbH and Bombardier GmbH (as the “contractor and supplier”) and Kaiser Consultancy A.Ş. (as
the “implementation consultant”).
According to a project launched to identify carbon potential of the BLRS II, average expected emission reductions of
the BRLS II are 14,689tCo2 per year.
The project contributes to the sustainable development of the industrial city of Turkey, Bursa in various ways: (i)
improves the living standards of the population with a comfortable, fast and safe transportation system; (ii) reduces
traffic jam, pollution and accidents; (iii) generates new residential and business areas; (iv) creates job opportunities.